Politicisation of Boko Haram insurgency, bane of Nigeria’s anti-terror fight (2)

Being paper delivered at Portcullis House,
House of Commons, London by Alhaji Lai
Mohammed, National Publicity Secretary, All
Progressives Congress, APC, on Monday
PHASE Three: This is where things started to
fall apart between Boko Haram and
politicians/government officials in Borno
State. Available reports point to some sort of
disagreement between the group and some
politicians following the 2007 elections (e.g.
over monthly stipends payable to the group).
This was followed by recurring clashes
between Boko Haram members and the local
police, especially over police harassment and
arrest of Boko Haram members.
One of such led to the massacre of over a
dozen police officers in July 2009. This
triggered a large-scale security operation as
ordered by President Yar’Adua in Borno, Yobe
and Bauchi states. It is estimated that over
1000 suspected Boko Haram members were
killed or summarily executed by security
forces, including Mohammed Yusuf and his in-
laws in this operation. In the aftermath of this
crack down, some members of Boko Haram
leadership escaped and regrouped outside
Nigeria, and linked up with other Salafist
groups in the Sahel.
Phase Four: This covers the ‘hardening’ of
Boko Haram as it was transformed into an
ultra-violent, insurgent Salafist group.
Remnants of Boko Haram reportedly joined up
with salafi-jihadi groups – such as the
Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West
Africa (MUJAO) and Al Qaeda in Islamic
Maghreb (AQIM) – and underwent insurgency
trainings in jihadi camps in Northern Mali, and
Mauritania. From September 2010, Boko
Haram commenced violent attacks to mark
the onset of the current insurgency. It started
with high profile targets such as the Nigerian
Police headquarters, United Nations country
office, police and military facilities, prisons,
mosques and churches, banks, schools,
government offices, telecommunication masts,
markets and lately local communities.
Phase Five
This covers recent dynamics of Boko Haram
insurgency, including the emergence of splinter
groups, and the sheer increase in the Boko
Haram’s audacity, including the kidnapping of
more than 200 Chibok school girls (that
internationalized the insurgency), the take-
over of entire communities and towns; the
declaration of
a Caliphate and hoisting of its
flags in attacked communities. In short, the
Boko Haram insurgency has changed from
what it was before, and it is at its fiercest
level, as yet.
The Politics of Boko Haram
I have carefully chronicled Boko Haram’s
evolution to counteract the rationale of PDP-
Jonathan Administration failed attempt at
linking it to the APC.
What is the PDP’s logic and rationale for
linking the APC with Boko Haram?
This is based on a faulty logic of presuming
that the APC is a sectional (Northern), as
opposed to a national political party, that the
APC is made up predominantly of Muslims,
that it is a North/Islamic party; and therefore
the APC must directly or indirectly support
and sympathize with Boko Haram; and finally
that Boko Haram is a Northern and Muslim
plot to resist and challenge a Southerner-
Christian Jonathan Presidency.
This position is inconsistent on several fronts.
First, Boko Haram climaxed during the reign
of Late President Yar’Adua, hence could not
be a Northern plot against a Southern-
Christian president. The 2009 security
operation which led to the death of over 1000
members of Boko Haram was ordered by a
sitting Northern-Muslim president!
Second, it was the PDP, from 2009 till date
that transformed Boko Haram from a
movement into an insurgent group, from a
moderate Sunni group to a Salafist-Jihadi
franchise, from a local group with localized
(socio-economic and cultural change) agenda
to an international violent jihadist group.
Third, while it is true the APC is the number
one grassroots party across Northern Nigeria,
but so also is the case in substantial parts of
Southern Nigeria. The APC is a proper Pan-
Nigerian party that reflects the ethno-religious
and cultural diversities of Nigeria. The APC
has functional structures across the 774 LGAs,
and 36 states plus Abuja. As a matter of fact
as of today APC has seven state governors
from the Northern part of Nigeria and eight
from the Southern part of the country.
Complex diversities
Fourth, the APC is neither a Muslim nor a
Christian political party. I make bold to say
that it is impossible to have a religious
political party in Nigeria because of the
complex diversities in Nigeria. APC, like the
PDP has Christian members across Northern
Nigeria, and Muslim members across Southern
Nigeria. Moreover, it is absurd to still think of
Nigeria in a simplistic North equate Muslim,
and South equate Christian prism.
Fifth, the APC is neither ashamed nor proud to
acknowledge the socio-economic and political
abyss that made the emergence of such a
deadly and evil group like Boko Haram
possible in the first place, and the crass
leadership failures and ineptitude that
transformed Boko Haram into a killing
It is the APC’s acknowledgement of the
underlining socio-economic and political
conditions that is misinterpreted by the PDP
as APC’s ‘sympathy’ for Boko Haram. The
truth must be told, Boko Haram, similar to
other ethno-political militias in post-1999
Nigeria, emerged against the backdrop of
deepening poverty, social-economic
deprivations, corruption, poor governance,
police brutality and governance failures under
the PDP since 1999. It is no coincidence that
the northern half of Nigeria, including the
northeast corner (Boko Haram base), are the
poorest in the country.
A 2010 assessment by the National Bureau of
Statistics reported the national poverty rate
was 60.9 per cent, but it was 77.7 percent for
the northwest and 76.3 per cent for northeast,
compared with 59 per cent for the Southwest.
The World Bank also noted that economic
growth and opportunities were not equally
shared by different parts of the country, that
growth was fastest in southern and middle
agro climatic zones, with much slower growth
in northern states. This has resulted in the
largest number of poor people residing in the
northern part of the country.
Sixth, Alh. Ali Modu Sherif, and all known
persons directly or indirectly implicated in
Boko Haram are members of the PDP or
persons serving or with close ties to the
Jonathan presidency.
Finally, the President Jonathan-PDP’s
political manipulation of the Boko Haram has
to be understood as part of its ‘poker-like’
calculus for clinging on to political power
ahead of the 2015 elections.
How is the PDP doing and using this? In
essence, how is the PDP benefitting politically
from the Boko Haram insurgency?
This is in at least six ways:
The PDP is using the Boko Haram crises to
launder the battered image of the Jonathan
presidency by securing attendance and
participation for President Goodluck at
important international summits and
meetings. Curiously, Boko Haram has now
become a way of getting the international
community to talk and meet with President
Goodluck Jonathan, and gain international
media coverage.
The PDP is also using the Boko Haram crises,
especially the #Bringbackourgirls campaign,
to blackmail opposition groups, impose
emergency rule in states and areas controlled
by opposition political parties, harass and
restrict media freedom (through military
clampdowns), and for justifying illegal
Constitutional responsibilities
The Boko Haram crisis is readily used by the
PDP to rationalize the Jonathan Government’s
abdication of its constitutional
responsibilities, including visits and
assistance to areas affected, effective response
to kidnappings and abductions (e.g. the GEJ
government was silent over the Chibok girls
kidnaps for over 15 days).
The declaration of emergency rule, massive
increases in spending on security without
correspondent impact, has become a political
gimmick by the PDP now being counted as the
GEJ achievement in promoting peace and
The PDP is actively politicizing the declaration
of emergency rule. For instance, the PDP
government is ever quick to propose and
declare emergency rule in areas controlled by
opposition political parties, but not in PDP-
controlled states even where the scale of
violence, killings and destruction are similar.
For example, despite incessant violence,
killings, displacement and destruction in
Taraba, Benue and Plateau (PDP controlled
states), the PDP has been quick to discount
the possibility of a full scale emergency rule in
the above mentioned states, however it is
quick to impose emergency rule in non-PDP
states at the slightest episode of violence.
Finally, the status quo favours the PDP and
President Goodluck Jonathan. Why? Boko
Haram affected areas and indeed the Northern
region are APC strongholds, hence Boko
Haram crises, the declaration of emergency
rule and general atmosphere of insecurity in
the North are likely to affect voting (low
turnout due to displacement). There is already
talk of cancelling elections in some areas in
the Northeast, all plots designed to minimize
President Jonathan-PDP electoral losses in
the North and enhance the likelihood of a PDP

Lagos – The police in Lagos on Thursday
arraigned a 23-year -old man, who allegedly
stabbed his girlfriend for desiring to quit their
Olaide Salami appeared before an Apapa
Magistrates’ Court over assault, stealing and
Salami, who resides at Ajegunle, Apapa,
Lagos, allegedly stabbed Miss Monisola
Adedoyin on the face with a broken bottle.
The Prosecutor, Cpl. John Iberedem, told the
court that the accused committed the offences
on Oct. 28, 2013 at No. 25, Adeyemi St.,
He said that the accused conspired with
others at large to commit the crimes.
“Salami started harassing the complainant
because she said she was no longer interested
in their relationship.
“Adedoyin said that the accused came to her
house with some of his friends and started
assaulting her.
“She said that the accused also stole her
phone and N30,000.
“When Adedoyin’s mother tried to resolve the
dispute, the accused also assaulted her,
“Iberedem said.
The prosecutor said that the offences
contravened Sections 171, 285 and 409 of the
Criminal Law of Lagos State, 2011.
The accused, however, pleaded not guilty.
The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports
that Section 171 prescribes a three-year jail
term for assault occasioning harm, while
Section 409 stipulates two years imprisonment
for conspiracy.
The Magistrate, Mr Patrick Adekomaiya,
granted the accused bail in the sum of
N20,000, with one surety in like sum.
Adekomaiya adjourned the case to Sept. 29
for substantive trial. (NAN)

police announces new commissioners for akwa ibom,lagos Delta and 17 others

The Acting Inspector-General of Police (IGP)
Monday approved new Commissioners of
Police for Akwa Ibom, Delta, Lagos, Rivers
and 17 other states of the federation
following the “recommendation of the
Commissioners to the Police Service
Commission and its subsequent approval,” a
police force statement by spokesman
Emmanuel Ojukwu said.
The IGP said the postings are “In line with
the determination and drive to reposition
the Nigeria Police Force for improved
service delivery.”
The CPs and their commands are as follows:

Balarable musa: to gang up against Jonathan is legal

Says conditions for credible polls in 2015
don’t exist
Accuses FG of conspiracy in abduction of
Chibok girls
Alhaji Balarabe Musa, former governor of
Kaduna State, in this interview, fears that the
2015 polls would not be free and fair because
the conditions for credible election are not in
place. He also justifies northern leaders’
gang-up against President Goodluck Jonathan
so long as it is legal. He accuses the Federal
Government of conspiracy and cover-up in the
abduction of the 219 Chibok schoolgirls and
urges the set up of a commission of inquiry on
Dr Steven Davis’ comments on sponsors of
Boko Haram. Excerpts:
By Dapo Akinrefon
It has been 147 days that the Chibok school
girls were abducted and all attempts to rescue
them have been futile. Some say there is a
conspiracy somewhere. Do you think so?
I think their abduction is very suspicious
because we have to face the reality. We are
dealing with politics particularly the 2015
elections, which encourages the incumbent to
destabilise the country so that elections will
not hold in 2015, in which case the provisions
of the constitution will prevail. It means that
the president will continue.
If the election is conducted for whatever
reasons, it is rigged because of the insecurity
in the country. The abduction of the girls is
part and parcel of the Boko Haram and so,
this is a serious issue because such thing
cannot happen without the government getting
serious information on the matter.
Everything is mysterious and nobody knows
anything about the abducted girls. The
government has not come out with any
reliable information about the whereabouts of
the girls.
There were some information a few months
ago that international organizations have
been involved in the identification of the
whereabouts of the girls.
It is unfortunate that in spite of the
involvement of the international security
agencies, the girls are still missing. Nothing is
convincing and if there is no government
conspiracy, how can this happen? There is no
information and action on the part of the
There is also another aspect of it, there were
reports that 57 of the girls had escaped and
then, we now hear a lot of talks about these
escaped girls. We don’t know where they are
being kept, we hear also that they are being
offered scholarship abroad. How sure are we
that these are the girls being talked about?
You see, everything is mysterious.
How do you see the allegations of Australian
terrorism negotiator, Dr Steven Davis, that
former Chief of Army Staff, Lt. General
Azubuike Ihejirika and former Borno State
Governor, Ali Modu Sheriff are sponsors of
Boko Haram?
It is not impossible because it means there is
a conspiracy for political reasons in the
action. Therefore, these allegations should be
looked into.
Do you think the president has the political
will to go after these alleged Boko Haram
He may not even have the moral will because
the government itself has been accused of
conspiring with an interest to do this and to
cover it up. There should be a judicial
commission of inquiry over this because the
political allegations are becoming very
The Boko Haram insurgents have taken over
some communities and towns in Boko State
and also hoisted their flags there, what signal
does this send?
First of all, it shows that the issue we are
facing is not just insecurity but an attempt on
the sovereignty of Nigeria. This is serious.
How can the activities of these insurgents be
nipped in the bud because it is taking a
dangerous dimension?
The only way we can do it peacefully because
the government has lost moral credibility on
this is to have free, fair and transparent
elections in this country.
For this to happen, we need to rely on the
Independent National Electoral Commission,
INEC, but unfortunately, INEC is also part of
the problem.
And so, the only thing we can do peacefully is
to ask the National Assembly to do something
about it and really ensure that there is free,
fair and transparent elections leading to a
legitimate government. If we can have a
legitimate government by any means, we can
successfully address this issue.
The Northern Elders Forum has given
President Jonathan an ultimatum to bring
back the abducted Chibok girls or forfeit 2015.
What is your take?
This is nonsense because you cannot identify
who these Northern elders are. You cannot
identify their relevance because anybody can
call himself an elder.
Those who can be referred to as elders can
only be elected representatives of the people.
In that case, they can be members of the
National Assembly from the North or State
Houses of Assembly and local government
councils. These are the elders. These are the
ones who can legitimately represent the
people. Let us forget about these sectional
Is it true that there is a gang up by Northern
leaders and elders against President Goodluck
It is legitimate and democratic politics. If you
gang up against your opponent what is wrong
with it as long as you are doing it legally?
Ahead of the 2015 elections, a group has been
going round the six geo-political zones of the
country to hold rallies for President Jonathan.
What is your take on this considering the
mood of the nation?
I hold the president responsible for this act of
gross misconduct and it is an impeachable
offence because he is undermining the law.
Nobody can absolve the president of this
because he cannot say he doesn’t know about
it. He cannot deny authorizing it because
these campaigns are being funded with the
approval of the president. Here, Mr President
is been charged with gross misconduct and an
impeachable offence.
What are your fears for 2015?
It is not possible for us to get over these
national crises on or before 2015. It is also
not possible for us to conduct free, fair and
transparent elections in 2015 because the
conditions for it do not exist and there are
attempts to bring them about.
So, it is either we do not have 2015 elections
at all or the elections will be rigged.
I want to call your attention to what happened
some days ago over a report by the media.
The president was saying that the government
will print the ballot papers for INEC.
Now this shows clearly that INEC is not
independent and the president wants to use
INEC to rig the elections.
If INEC is an independent electoral agency,
how can the government print ballot papers
for them in an election where the president is
contesting? You can now see that the 2015
elections is a myth because INEC is not
This goes to show that even if the 2015
election holds, it is going to be rigged and it
will not bring about a legitimate government.

Adamawa 2014:How fintiri won PDP guber ticket

YOLA—Acting Governor of Adamawa State,
Ahmadu Fintiri, has emerged as the
governorship candidate of the Peoples
Democratic Party, PDP, for the October 11,
2014 bye-election.
He polled 624 votes out of the 912 votes cast
to defeat four other aspirants.
Announcing the result of the 14-hour electoral
process, the leader of the PDP Adamawa
Gubernatorial Primaries Committee, Dimeji
Bankole, said Fintiri polled 624 while Dr
Ahmed Modibbo got 197 votes.
Modibbo was followed by Brig-Gen Buba
Marwa, who scored 64 votes; Dr. Umar Ardo,
nine votes; and Mr Jerry Kumdusi, four votes.
Bankole, a former speaker of the House of
Representatives disclosed that of the votes,23
invalid ones were recorded during the
The 912 delegates were categorized into
Statutory (members of the party holding
elective and political appointments or holding
executive office in the state, zonal or national
office of the party) and Ad- Hoc delegates
(those at the ward levels).
The primaries scheduled to commence at 10
am on Saturday started at about 6:30pm with
the accreditation of delegates from the 21
local councils of the state.
In his acceptance speech, the acting governor,
described his emergence as a resounding
victory for the party and appealed to other
aspirants to join hands with him and other
stakeholders to lead PDP to victory in the
October 11 election.
Speaking on the primaries, Marwa accepted
the outcome of the exercise and declared his
support for Fintiri.
Marwa stated that his decision is to enable
the PDP to emerge victorious in the October
11 bye-election.
According to him “after due consultations with
my political associates and supporters, I have
decided to support the Acting Governor in the
task ahead.”
Marwa declared that all his supporters have
been directed to support the PDP flag bearer
on October 11

Davis revelation: Nigerians will hear from us soon “Boko haram”

More stunning revelations on the relationship
among Boko Haram, the government and the
Australian negotiator, Dr. Stephen Davis, may
be unveiled by the sect’s leadership this week.
The move, according to a source close to the
sect, is to put the record straight and clear
the air on several controversial issues
contained in the interview by the Australian to
the media last week.
Vanguard source said last night that the
leadership of Boko Haram was upset by most
of the claims made by the negotiator and was
set to make a categorical position on all the
issues raised by Davis in the media.
“Nigerians will soon hear from the sect
leadership concerning all the issues raised by
the negotiator, who, in any case was not hired
by the Federal Government to dialogue with
the group.
“In fact, what the man has said has really
infuriated the sect leadership and they are
unhappy with him,” the Nigerian negotiator
“As far as the sect leadership is concerned,
Davis is being used by some politicians to
score some points and they are ready to clear
the air on the issues.

How gunmen rob,rape FRCN training school students

LAGOS — In what is fast becoming the norm,
gunmen, Friday, stormed the Federal Radio
Cooperation of Nigeria, FRCN, Training School,
Lagos State, raping and robbing many of the
female trainee journalists.
An eye witness in the school said that was the
third time the armed men would be attacking
the school.
An insider said: “The armed robbers were
many. They attacked the school last week, last
two weeks and now this week. They always
rape the girls and dispossess others,
including male students and workers on night
duties of their valuables.”
The three attacks on the school have left
many of the workers shocked, especially as
policemen were supposed to be manning the
school gate.
The last attack occurred at about 2am, with
the gunmen targeting the financial records
offices. Three of the gunmen wore masks and
focused on the new BOND FM station, which
has a lot of new expensive transmitting
“Many of them broke into our offices, remove
burglar-proofs, raped girls who were in
training and living in our hostel. They
collected money, phones and laptops. This is
the third time this will be happening,” said a
According to another insider, the school has
male and female trainees drawn from across
different radio stations in the country who are
on special courses. There are also private
students studying broadcast journalism.
The insider added: “The gunmen are usually
many whenever they attack. The first time they
came, they appeared to be searching for
something as they ransacked all offices.
This time, they came with three or four men
wearing masks. They were apparently the
people who wanted something from the school
or offices. When they came this time, they
were the ones doing the frantic searching.
Whether they succeeded in getting what they
wanted this time around is what we don’t
Police spokesperson, Ngozi Braide, however
said only a case of burglary was reported.
“I just got to hear today that the place has
been burgled three times. But they had never
reported. It’s only today that an official
complaint was lodged. No case of rape was
reported. Nobody has come forward to say
that she was raped,” she said.

legal obstacles wont stop our effort to market Jonathan……..says TAN

ENUGU — The pro-Jonathan organisation,
Transformation Ambassadors of Nigeria, TAN,
weekend, said that it would not be deterred by
any form of legal obstacle in her on-going
nationwide rallies to market President
Goodluck Jonathan and his achievements in
the last four years.
TAN said that the rally and road-shows
already held in the three geo-political zones of
the southern Nigeria would by next Saturday
move to Minna, Niger State.
The founder and national coordinator of TAN,
Dr. Ifeanyi Uba, made this known in Enugu
during the inauguration of TAN executives in
the three senatorial zones, 17 local
government areas and 260 wards of Enugu
Uba, who was the governorship aspirant of
Labour Party in the November 16, 2013
Anambra governorship election, stated that
Enugu had braced the tape as the first state
in the country to establish state structures for
TAN, and commended the state coordinator,
Chief Anayo Onwuegbu (Omeiheikwu) and the
facilitator, Deputy Senate President, Ike
Ekweremadu for their untiring efforts.
The TAN national coordinator, who was
represented by Chief Ben Etiaba, insisted that
as a non-governmental and non-political
organisation, TAN was not campaigning, but
merely drumming support for the Federal
Government led by President Jonathan with a
view to highlighting the achievements of the
administration, adding that TAN will enter the
campaign stage at the appropriate time in line
with INEC regulations.
“Jonathan has done a lot in health, finance,
agriculture and the oil sector. The reason TAN
came to be was that the visioner (Uba) saw
that this president was being pummeled,
getting a bad press.
“Please, I want to, at this point, thank the
media for supporting us; because before TAN
came on board, it was as though there was a
conspiracy against the President in the media.
But TAN has somehow managed to turn it
around, we are so grateful to the media.”
Earlier, the state coordinator of TAN, Engr.
Onwuegbu said that the entire South East had
fared better under President Jonathan’s
administration more than any other in the
He listed the construction of Akanu Ibiam
International Airport in Enugu, award of
contract for construction of Second Niger
Bridge at Onitsha, reconstruction of Enugu-
Port-Harcourt and Enugu-Onitsha expressway,
the inland Port at Onitsha, appointment of
Onyeabor Ihejirika the first Chief of Army Staff
from the zone after the civil war and state
burial for late Odumegwu Ojukwu, among other
things, as the highlight of Jonathan’s
achievement in the zone.
“TAN is a non-governmental, non-political
organisation, whose mandate is to package
and tell the world what the government of
Jonathan has achieved within the past four
years, the main objective is to return President
Jonathan back to Aso Rock,” he said.
Highlight of the occasion was presentation of
three fresh registers containing 85, 000
signatures and phone numbers of people that
endorsed President Jonathan for the second
term in office and submitted by the
coordinators at the zonal level including; Hon.
Frank Anioma for Enugu East (30, 000), Ozor
Okey Ozoani for Enugu West (25, 000) and
Frank Oloto for Enugu North (30, 000